Russian autostereoscopic cinema has a long history spanning several decades, peaking with the creation of numerous public stereokino theaters. The technique as originally invented is still used in electron microscopy , where it is known as electron holography , but optical holography did not really advance until the development of the laser in The Nintendo 3DS video game console family uses a parallax barrier for 3D imagery; on a newer revision, the New Nintendo 3DS , this is combined with an eye tracking system. Views Read Edit View history. Currently, most flat-panel displays employ lenticular lenses or parallax barriers that redirect imagery to several viewing regions; however, this manipulation requires reduced image resolutions. Retrieved 23 March This has led to some misunderstandings as to what a hologram actually is —and the false attribution of the term to any form of apparent 3D projection. There are a variety of other autostereo systems as well, such as volumetric display , in which the reconstructed light field occupies a true volume of space, and integral imaging , which uses a fly’s-eye lens array.

Integral imaging and Lenticular lens. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stereoscopy. Comparison of display technology. Main menu Skip to content. May 16 and 23, Movement parallax refers to the fact that the view of a scene changes with movement of the head. Examples of autostereoscopic displays technology include lenticular lens , parallax barrier , volumetric display , holographic and light field displays. The gallery was closed, but I was so fascinated by my first encounter with this form of lenticular photography that when I had a chance to walk by the place again I did so.

Retrieved from ” https: This interference pattern is encoded into the film emulsion.

Hitting Every Angle with Autostereoscopic 3-D Displays

Their only trade-off is that projection units have more physical depth in their form factor than flat panel displays. It is this large number of views and the extremely narrow angle of each view, which give a complete freedom of position for the viewers within large viewing zones.

This page was last edited on 25 Januaryat Because headgear is not required, it is also called ” glasses-free 3D ” or ” glassesless 3D “. And finally we have these brilliant records of a microcosmic aspect of the Chinese reform and opening up the charm. We spoke at length and he explained aspects of his technical and aesthetic process. However, as this limits the display to a single viewer, it is not favored for consumer products.


Archived PDF from the original on 30 May This time I found the gallery open. Retrieved 23 March The principle autostereoscopjc the parallax barrier was independently invented by Auguste Cimema, who published first but produced no practical results, [5] and by Frederic E. This is because it is display time, as opposed to space see Space-Sharing Auto-Stereoscopic Displaysthat is shared. Eye tracking has been used in a variety of systems in order to limit the number of displayed views to just two, or to autostereoscooic the stereoscopic sweet spot.

These architectures explore the co-design of optical elements and compressive computation while taking particular characteristics of the human visual system into account.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Compressive display designs include dual [17] and multilayer [18] [19] [20] devices that are driven by algorithms such as computed tomography and Non-negative matrix factorization and non-negative tensor factorization.

Autostereoscopic Imaging | Michael Scroggins

As with motion pictures, autostereoscopic still imaging began with the capturing and display of left and right binocular pairs and progressed from the two images of a stereoscopic pair to as many as sixty-four in-between images in a multiview display.

The Nintendo 3DS video game console family uses a parallax barrier for 3D imagery; on a newer revision, the New Nintendo 3DSthis is combined with an eye tracking system.

It would consume half as much power, doubling the battery life if used with devices like the Nintendo 3DSwithout compromising screen brightness or resolution.

The term automultiscopic display has recently been introduced as a shorter synonym for the lengthy “multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display”, [29] as well as for the earlier, more specific “parallax panoramagram”. Many autostereoscopic displays are single-view displays and are thus not capable of reproducing the sense of movement parallax, except for a single viewer in systems capable of eye tracking.

Thus, different images of the scene are seen as the head is moved from left to right, and from up to down. We therefore require a frame rate that is approximately 2, Hz for about 40 views which is readily available using existing and well known DLP back-projection elements. Tools for the instant conversion of existing 3D movies to autostereoscopic were demonstrated by Dolby, Stereolabs and Viva3D.

Binocular rivalry Binocular vision Chromostereopsis Convergence insufficiency Correspondence problem Peripheral vision Depth perception Epipolar geometry Kinetic depth effect Stereoblindness Stereopsis Stereopsis recovery Stereoscopic acuity.


This crude English translation of Lippmann’s paper will be more comprehensible if the reader bears in mind that “dark room” and “darkroom” are the translator’s mistaken renderings of “chambre noire”, the French equivalent of the Latin “camera obscura”, and should be read as “camera” in the thirteen places where this error occurs.

Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays. Not surprisingly, autostereoscopic movies are an outgrowth of earlier work with still imagery. Journal of the Franklin Institute. Archived from the original on One-dimensional arrays of cylindrical lenses were patented by Walter Hess in May 16 and 23, Iveswho made and exhibited the first known functional autostereoscopic image in Sunny Ocean Studios, located in Singapore, has been credited with developing an automultiscopic screen that can display autostereo 3D images from 64 different reference points.


Movement parallax refers to the fact that the view of a scene changes with movement of the head. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

A K Peters, Ltd. One of the interesting aspects cknema directly addressed in the interview is that while people can indeed hold relatively still for a second and a half, they in fact do move slightly. Autostegeoscopic autostereoscopic displays, however, are multi-view displays, and are thus autostereiscopic of providing the perception of left-right movement parallax. In the summer of I was visiting my friend Rashid Ghassempouri in Paris. The lenticular and parallax barrier approaches to both still and moving uistory have been successfully commercialized.

One of the best-known 3D displays developed by HHI was the Free2C, a display with very high resolution and very good comfort achieved by an eye tracking system and a seamless mechanical adjustment of the lenses. There are a variety of other autostereo systems as well, such as volumetric displayin which the reconstructed light field occupies a true volume of space, and integral imagingwhich uses a fly’s-eye lens array.

The latter term originally indicated a continuous sampling along a horizontal line of viewpoints, e. Magnetic3d and Zero Creative have also been involved. CS1 German-language sources de CS1: